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Native Planting Guide


  • When planting out a native species take the time to consider the impacts of frost, drought, flooding, temperature and erosion on the planting area. Also take a look at the specific plant requirements to ensure they are suited for the planting area.
  • To mitigate the potential impacts likely to cause plant failure try and plant out in Spring. This allows the plant to establish a hardy root profile and put on some growth before harsh weather events occur.
  • If planting during Spring is not possible then avoid planting before Winter or the heat of Summer. This can cause too much shock to the root profile limiting the chances for success.

Plant Spacing

  • When setting up a new vegetation community planting fast growing species close together is preferred as it provides a quick canopy cover. The canopy provides shade cover for weed suppression and habitat for native fauna.
  • To ensure the habitats of many local species are met in the new vegetation community, plant an even ratio of trees, shrubs and ground covers. This will allow for hiding spots and food forage at all levels.
  • Plant canopy trees at 3m-5m spacing.
  • Plant sub-canopy trees and shrubs at 2m-3m spacing.
  • Plant groundcovers and grasses with 1m spacing between centres.


  • It is best to hand plant seedlings and tube-stock to avoid damaging the root or plant.
  • Water each plant before planting to ensure moisture around the root profile.
  • Weed and clear an area approximately 50cmx50cm, exposing the soil profile.
  • Dig a hole twice the size of the pot the plant is in, both width and depth.
  • If the soil is dense/heavily compacted half fill the hole with water and allow it to drain away.
  • Add organic native fertilizer to the base of the hole and mix with some of the original soil. It is best to avoid root contact with the fertilizer during initial growth to avoid nutrient burn.
  • Plant the seedling/tube-stock in the hole so that the top of the potting mix is slightly below the top of the hole and fill in with remaining existing soil.
  • Mulch around plant to a height of 10cm-15cm. Ensure the base of the trunk is free of mulch to a width of 5cm-10cm.
  • Water each plant thoroughly after planting. Then once per week for the first month, once per fortnight for 6 weeks and then once per month for 3 months.
  • By the end of this watering schedule the plant should be well established, have a strong root profile and is able to fend for itself.